Advanced Science, 27 October, 2023, DOI：https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202300698
Protein-Nanocaged Selenium Induces t(8;21) Leukemia Cell Differentiation via Epigenetic Regulation
Long Fang, Ruofei Zhang, Lin Shi, Jiaying Xie, Long Ma, Yili Yang, Xiyun Yan, Kelong Fan
The success of arsenic in degrading PML-RARα oncoprotein illustrates the great anti-leukemia value of inorganics. Inspired by this, the therapeutic effect of inorganic selenium on t(8; 21) leukemia is studied, which has shown promising anti-cancer effects on solid tumors. A leukemia-targeting selenium nanomedicine is rationally built with bioengineered protein nanocage and is demonstrated to be an effective epigenetic drug for inducing the differentiation of t(8;21) leukemia. The selenium drug significantly induces the differentiation of t(8;21) leukemia cells into more mature myeloid cells. Mechanistic analysis shows that the selenium is metabolized into bioactive forms in cells, which drives the degradation of the AML1-ETO oncoprotein by inhibiting histone deacetylases activity, resulting in the regulation of AML1-ETO target genes. The regulation results in a significant increase in the expression levels of myeloid differentiation transcription factors PU.1 and C/EBPα, and a significant decrease in the expression level of C-KIT protein, a member of the type III receptor tyrosine kinase family. This study demonstrates that this protein-nanocaged selenium is a potential therapeutic drug against t(8;21) leukemia through epigenetic regulation.