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Box C/D guide RNAs recognize a maximum of 10 nt of substrates, PNAS; published ahead of print September 13, 2016
2016-09-18 | 【     】【打印】【关闭

PNAS 2016 ; published ahead of print September 13, 2016, doi:10.1073/pnas.1604872113

Box C/D guide RNAs recognize a maximum of 10 nt of substrates

Zuxiao Yang, Jinzhong Lin, and Keqiong Ye

Abstract

Box C/D RNAs guide site-specific 2′-O-methylation of RNAs in archaea and eukaryotes. The spacer regions between boxes C to D′ and boxes C′ to D contain the guide sequence that can form a stretch of base pairs with substrate RNAs. The lengths of spacer regions and guide-substrate duplexes are variable among C/D RNAs. In a previously determined structure of C/D ribonucleoprotein (RNP), a 12-nt-long spacer forms 10 bp with the substrate. How spacers and guide–substrate duplexes of other lengths are accommodated remains unknown. Here we analyze how the lengths of spacers and guide-substrate duplexes affect the modification activity and determine three structures of C/D RNPs assembled with different spacers and substrates. We show that the guide can only form a duplex of a maximum of 10 bp with the substrate during modification. Slightly shorter duplexes are tolerated, but longer duplexes must be unwound to fit into a capped protein channel for modification. Spacers with <12 nucleotides are defective, mainly because they cannot load the substrate in the active conformation. For spacers with >12 nucleotides, the excessive unpaired sequences near the box C/C′ side are looped out. Our results provide insight into the substrate recognition mechanism of C/D RNA and refute the RNA-swapped model for dimeric C/D RNP.

相关报道:http://www.ibp.cas.cn/kyjz/zxdt/201609/t20160918_4663937.html

文章链接:http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2016/09/12/1604872113

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